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Little Russia — Wikipedia
Novorossiya — Wikipedia
Novorossiya (confederation) — Wikipedia

[…]Russians perceive Ukraine as their ancestral land in the most literal sense of the word, ready to point out the graves of relatives and the plot of land on which their house stood.

[…]Both Kiev on the territory of modern Ukraine, and Polotsk on the territory of modern Belarus, and Novgorod, Smolensk and Rostov on the territory of modern Russia in ancient times constituted one state – Russia (the notion “Kievan Rus” invented by Soviet historians distorts the historical reality).

[…]Kiev was practically destroyed as a result of the invasion of the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan in 1240, and the fate of the inhabitants of different parts of Russia was divided after that. The eastern regions became vassals of the Mongols (Tatars), and the direct descendants of Prince Vladimir in the male line continued to rule there. The city of Moscow with the princes from this house gradually gained hegemony and created a state that managed to gain independence.

A different fate awaited the citizens of Western Russia. Cities there lost the power of the descendants of Prince Vladimir and the historical connection with ancient Kiev. They were conquered by Lithuania, which soon merged with Poland into one state – the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Because these lands were cut in half by the nearly impassable swamps of Polesie in the Middle Ages, two different groups of Russian origin were formed there: the Byelorussians to the north of the swamps, and the Malorussians (from «Little Russia») to the south of the swamps.

[…]The striking force of the resistance were the Cossacks, a community of free warriors, formed in the steppes, in battles with the Tatars and Turks. A Cossack could be a native of any country who professed Orthodoxy and was willing to fight for it. As Poland persecuted the Orthodox religion, Cossacks increasingly raised the saber against Polish rule. One episode of this struggle was described in Taras Bulba by Nikolai Gogol. Born on the territory of modern Ukraine, in a village near Poltava, Gogol always wrote in Russian and criticized his acquaintances who tried to create a separate “Ukrainian” AKA borderland/окраина/okraina/ AKA Polishized/invented pseudo language.[…]

Why Russians will never give up on Little Russia — 100knig
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Related: Ottoman Empire Greatest Extent, Ottoman Empire — Wikipedia

If it wasn’t for Rurik, the Norse, and the Varangian Guard to unite a divided feuding Slavic land there would have been no Kievan Rus/No Russia. Kievan Rus was the foundation though it didn’t last as it broke down due to the reemergence of internal tribal feuds.

окраина /okraina is Russian for Borderland, and that land encompasses the formerly Russian/Kievan-Rus territory which came to be occupied by Poland-Lithuania//Poland Lithuania and the Ottoman Empire. The partitions of Poland helped Russia reclaim it’s lost Kievan-Rus territory in the west.

Though Ukraine could also represent the Russian borderlands/frontier in general that the Cossacks occupied throughout the Russian Empire. Without which Russia’s manifest destiny into Asia would have never of happened or been drastically curtailed in speed/strength.

Related:

Eastern Okraina — Wikipedia

Borderlands — Oxford Bibliographies

Ukraine as a ‘borderland’: A brief history of Ukraine’s place between Europe and Russia — Rational Magazine

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Ukraine, an artificial state created by Germany — Justice for Polandsrael

[…]the name “Ukraine” had appeared on the map for the first time in history — as the readers of the New York Times could see for the first time on February 17, 1918, on a map entitled “Dismembered Russia – Some of the Fragments.[…]

On March 3, 1918 , the Bolsheviks in Moscow finally conceded the independence of Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Lithuania in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

[…]The borders of the new Ukraine were drawn by the Germans according to their own needs, not the wishes of the population or any principle of self-determination. The Germans needed coal, but “the frontiers of the Ukraine did not embrace coal-fields, and it was decided that those of the Donets Basin must be incorporated” into the new puppet state. (Wheeler-Bennett, pp. 315-316). The Bolsheviks were too weak to resist this. This precedent has contributed to the presence within Ukraine of large clearly Russian populations who never wanted to be subject to Kiev.[…]

[…]The separatist movement had no roots in the country, and the people as a whole were completely indifferent to national self-determination; this had been thrust upon them by a group of political dreamers whose power derived from the presence of German bayonets[…]

[…]Today[…] the Kiev regime has installed wealthy oligarchs as governors or mini-dictators of the eastern provinces where cities like Kharkov, Lugansk, and Donetsk – all heavily Russian – are located. Under this neo-feudal arrangement, the heavily industrialized Donbas has been assigned to Sergei Taruta, an infamous predator specializing in de-industrialization. Taruta is infamous for having bought the Polish port of Gdansk and then breaking up and asset-stripping it, leaving the charred hulk in bankruptcy. Taruta is bringing in assassins from Blackwater to enforce his austerity decrees.[…]

Ukraine, an artificial state created by Germany — Justice for Polandsrael

Related:

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk map

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk — Wikipedia

Ukraine Is an Artificial State — Tech Featured

The state of Ukraine was born only after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. No such state existed in history prior to 1991, since it was always a part of other states/empires — firstly of the Russian Empire, then of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and after that it existed in the capacity of a republic in the Soviet Union. On the other hand, Russians and Ukrainians are of the same race, the Slavic Race; their languages are also very much similar[…]

The word ‘Ukraine’ has evolved after having changed in spelling and pronunciation— the original word for it in Russian is ‘Ukraina’, means ‘border’. This word was used sometimes in the Middle Ages to mean the south-west part of Russia, but it was basically used to indicate the military personnel working in that region. The official name of that region was not even ‘Ukraina’, but ‘Malarussia’, means ‘Small Russia’.

The region was called ‘Malarussia’ due to the local spoken Russian, as it is different to some extent from the Russian, spoken in Moscow. […] the literary Russian Language took its present shape in that region itself, mainly in Kiev, the present capital of Ukraine. The more important fact here is that the foundation of the Russian Empire was laid down in Kiev itself. In 988 A D the Russian King Vladimir Sviatoslavich founded the Russian Empire in Kiev by bringing the whole Slavic Race of Russian Land under the same Russian Orthodoxy and putting all the big and small kingdoms under one Emperor. From this point of view Kiev is not only the first capital of Russian Empire, but also the origin of Russian Civilization.

[…]it is the Poles who invented the artificial ideas of ‘Ukrainian Nation’, ‘Ukrainian Language and Culture’ etc. In 1795 A D the Polish intellectual Jan Potocki first named the Malarussian region as well as the spoken Russian of that area as ‘Ukraine’ and ‘Ukrainian Language’ respectively. In 1801 A D another Polish intellectual Tadeusz Czacki clearly mentioned in his book that the inhabitants of Malarussia were not Russians, but another nation. He forwarded a ‘theory’ claiming that the Malarussians migrated to that region from the areas of Volga, Ural etc. in VII century itself, but could not produce any proof or documentation in support of it.

That unproven ‘theory’ might have been left unnoticed and forgotten in the course of time, but some incidents happened in Russian Empire at that time, rather, helped it to grow. The Russian Emperor (Tsar) Alexander I considered the Polish Nobles more educated and efficient than their Russian counterparts. As a result the Poles captured all the important posts in the Empire: they were the heads of Education System and Academy of Science. They took the whole Education System of Malarussia into their hands and included such things in the syllabus[…]

Ukraine Is an Artificial State — Tech Featured

Related:

The State of Ukraine Has Technically Never Existed – What the Media Won’t Tell You — News Trillion

Who invented the Ukrainian language — VK

Potocki — Encyclopedia of Ukraine

Was Jan Potocki a Kabbalist? Revisiting The Manuscript Found in Saragossa — Culture

How the Bolsheviks created Ukraine — Top War

In „independent“ Ukraine, it is customary to curse the Soviet past. However, thanks to the Bolsheviks, such a large „Ukraine“ was created. If we refuse Soviet gifts, then only five regions will remain from Ukraine – Kyiv, Podolsk, Volyn, Poltava and Chernihiv.

It was this “Ukraine” that the Central Rada claimed after the 1917 Revolution. In fact, these are the former possessions of Bohdan Khmelnitsky, who rebelled against the Polish throne.

[…]If the Ukrainian nationalists won the Civil War, which began in 1917, then “Ukraine” would have been left without Galicia and Volhynia (they were captured by the Poles), without Donbass, Crimea and the Black Sea provinces.[…]

[…]Until 1917, the population of Little Russia-Ukraine, Galicia, not to mention Novorossia and Donbass, almost completely identified themselves as Russians. However, the revolutionary authorities, starting with the Rada, the Hetmanate, the Directory, and ending with the Bolsheviks, diligently pursued a policy of Ukrainization. They crushed any resistance, introduced the language everywhere, banning the Russian language. They destroyed the higher urban Russian culture, pushed the rural-Ukrainian (parochial) culture. They fed, artificially supported the Ukrainian intelligentsia, the future stronghold of separatism and nationalism.[…]

How the Bolsheviks created Ukraine — Top War

Related:

What Putin & Russia Want: A Historical Perspective — Guest Post by Ianto Watt — William M. Briggs

Ukraine, Russia & The Orient Express — Guest Post by Ianto Watt — William M. Briggs

Article by Vladimir Putin ”On the Historical Unity of Russians and Ukrainians“ — The Saker

Vladimir Putin – On The Historical Unity Of Russians And Ukrainians — Internet Archive