European Origins

The High German Consonant Shift or Second Germanic Sound Shift (Zweite Deutsche Lautverschiebung) is a linguistic phenomenon which sets the High and Upper German Dialects apart from their Northern counterparts as well as from Dutch, English, Frisian and the Scandinavian Languages, or, in short, virtually all of the other Germanic languages.

German Dialects after WW2
German Dialects after WW2. Yellow (Low German), Blue (Dutch) and Purple (Frisian) coloured dialects have not been affected by the second Germanic sound shift. By Rex Germanus – This map has been uploaded by Electionworld from en.wikipedia.org to enable the Wikimedia Atlas of the World . Original uploader to en.wikipedia.org was Rex Germanus, known as Rex Germanus at en.wikipedia.org. Electionworld is not the creator of this map. Licensing information is below., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1485476

This article aims to deal with the origins and causes of this sound shift. To clarify it should be stated in the beginning that historical…

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