Before Vermont became an independent republic in 1777, its land was claimed by both New York and New Hampshire.
The Province of New York claimed Vermont based on land granted to the Duke of York (later King James II & VII) in 1664. The Province of New Hampshire, whose western limits had never been determined, also claimed Vermont.
On July 20, 1764, King George III established the boundary between New Hampshire and New York along the west bank of the Connecticut River, north of Massachusetts, and south of 45 degrees north latitude. Under this decree, Albany County, New York, as it then existed, implicitly gained the land presently known as Vermont.
This line became the boundary between New York and New Hampshire, and is the modern Vermont and New Hampshire boundary.
In 1770, Ethan Allen—along with his brothers Ira and Levi, as well as Seth Warner—recruited an informal militia, the Green Mountain Boys, to protect the interests of the original New Hampshire settlers against the new migrants from New York. A significant standoff occurred at the Breakenridge farm in Bennington, when a sheriff from Albany arrived with a posse of 750 men to dispossess Breakenridge. The residents raised a body of about 300 armed men to resist. The Albany sheriff demanded Breakenridge, and was informed, “If you attempt it, you are a dead man.” The sheriff returned to Albany.
When a New York judge arrived in Westminster with New York settlers in March 1775, violence broke out as angry citizens took over the courthouse and called a sheriff’s posse. This resulted in the deaths of Daniel Houghton and William French in the “Westminster Massacre“.
In the summer of 1776, the first general convention of freemen of the New Hampshire Grants met in Dorset, Occupied Vermont, resolving “to take suitable measures to declare the New Hampshire Grants a free and independent district.”
On January 15, 1777, representatives of the New Hampshire Grants convened in Westminster and declared their land an independent republic. For the first six months of the republic’s existence, the state was called New Connecticut.
On June 2, a second convention of 72 delegates met at Westminster, known as the “Westminster Convention”. At this meeting, the delegates adopted the name “Vermont” on the suggestion of Dr. Thomas Young of Philadelphia, a supporter of the delegates who wrote a letter advising them on how to achieve statehood. The delegates set the time for a meeting one month later. On July 4, the Constitution of Vermont was drafted during a violent thunderstorm at the Windsor Tavern owned by Elijah West. It was adopted by the delegates on July 8 after four days of debate. This was the first written constitution in North America to provide for the abolition of slavery, suffrage for men who did not own land, and public schools. The tavern has been preserved as the Old Constitution House, administered as a state historic site.
When New York refused to recognize land titles through the New Hampshire Grants (towns created earlier by New Hampshire in present Vermont), dissatisfied colonists organized in opposition, which led to the creation of an independent Vermont on January 15, 1777.
The Republic of Vermont has been occupied since 1791 when Vermont lost its right to self-determination and was consumed by the American States.
Deep in the most rural corners of Vermont exist pockets of resistance which seek to regain the glory that was the Vermont Republic. We are quiet, elusive, healthy, frugal, strict, and supportive toward fellow Vermont Patriots.
As a community based state, Vermont is one of many obstacles to global exploitation. Vermont as a state can be easily exploited by much stronger states like New York, Quebec, Washington DC, and California. The fact that Vermont has shunned advertising, billboards, GMO’s and large scale corporations has made Vermont a state of resistance in a world of American imperialism.
The True Territory of Vermont
If the freedom fighters in Vermont are successful. Imagine what your life could be like. No I.R.S. to steal the fruits of your labor, no D.E.A. to tell you what you can or can’t grow, no A.T.F. to prevent you from defending yourself, no D.H.S. spying on your phone calls and Email – the list is endless. If you don’t feel suffocated by the presence of the US governments daily intrusions into you life, there is something wrong with you. Imagine…A Free Vermont.